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Elasmotherium, a prehistoric rhinoceros twice the size of modern rhinos.
— Allen, describing Elasmotherium

Elasmotherium (name meaning "Thin Plate Beast"), also nicknamed the Big-Horned Rhinoceros, is an extinct genus of giant, prehistoric, Ice Age woolly rhinoceros that originated during the Pleistocene epoch in North America and Siberia. It could reach 2 meters tall, more than 4 meters long, weighed up to 5 tons, and possessed only one single, 2 meter-long horn. It is famous for its large horn on its head, which is derived from its nickname, the "Big-Horned Rhinoceros".

FactsEdit

Era & DiscoveryEdit

Elasmotherium lived during the Late Pliocene epoch, over 2 million years ago. Around 30,000 years ago, the Elasmotherium became extinct when the climates got warmer and their habitats disappeared.

Elasmotherium received its name from Johann Fischer von Waldheim, the Dirécteur Perpétuel of the Natural History Museum, Moscow University, at a presentation before the Societé Impériale des Naturalistes in 1808.

Physical AttributesEdit

A larger species of prehistoric Rhinoceros compared to the smaller Woolly Rhinos, Elasmotherium was twice the size of modern rhinos, measuring 15–16 feet (4.5–5 m) in length, with shoulder heights over 6 feet (2 m), and weighing up to 2–5 tons (4,000–10,000 lbs.). These creatures sometimes ate some of the same food Mammoths ate. One of the good things is these Rhinos, if you were downwind of them, they had very, very poor eyesight, so they had to get very close to see you. But if they did, they could charge, and their horns were formidable. It was as long as a man is tall, nearly two meters. And they would have no hesitation about charging and impaling even their own kind with that horn.

Elasmotherium was the size of a giraffe and bore a large, thick horn on its forehead which was used for defense, attracting mates, driving away competitors, sweeping snow from the grass in winter and digging for water and plant roots. Like all rhinos, Elasmotherium was herbivorous. Unlike any others, its high-crowned molars were ever-growing. Its legs were longer than those of other rhinos and were designed for galloping, giving it a zebra-like gait. Both species were among the largest in the family rhino family, comparable in size to the woolly mammoth and larger than the contemporary Hippopotamus. The feet were unguligrade, the front larger than the rear, with 4 digits at the front and 3 at the rear.

Journal EntryEdit

Known for being nicknamed the big-horned rhinoceros, Elasmotherium was one of the largest prehistoric rhinos that ever lived. Weighing up to five tons, this rhino had a horn as long as a man stands tall. However, like all rhinos, Elasmotherium appears to have very poor eyesight.

These animals also appear to be solitary creatures, animals used to being on their own.

— Allen, in his Journal, about Elasmotherium

GalleryEdit