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This is Dimetrodon, a vicious carnivore. The biggest reptile on Earth.
— Allen, about Dimetrodon

Dimetrodon ("Two Measures of Teeth") was a pelycosaur, a non-therapsid synapsid genus that flourished during the Permian Period, living between 280-260 MYA. They were the top predators of their time.

They were formidable carnivores in their day, preying on even their 'own kind', as in other sail-backs such as Edaphosaurus. They were even cannibals, not being above preying on newly hatched infants of their own species when given the chance to.

Dimetrodon is also known for being one of the most famous prehistoric creatures in the world.

FactsEdit

Time/Era/PeriodEdit

Dimetrodon lived during the Permian period 280-260 million years ago. It was to apex predator of its time.

Size/DescriptionEdit

Dimetrodon was an apex predator, among the largest of its day. It grew to up to 3½ meters (11 feet) in length and weighed 250 kilograms (550 lb), the size of a big cat.

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Dimetrodon's teeth

As well as their sheer size and power, Dimetrodon had a killer edge. As a protomammal, or mammal-like reptile, they evolved specialized teeth. Their incisors sheared of chunks of flesh, while their serrated canines cut and sliced. Although we humans have inherited these same meat-eating teeth, we have a smaller version in our mouths today.

Additionally, hatchling Dimetrodon were also capable of climbing up trees.

BehaviorEdit

Dimetrodon was a solitary hunter, only getting together in groups during mating or scavenging off another kill. Adults Dimetrodon generally attack adult Edaphosaurus, but when the females were pregnant and just about ready to lay their eggs, the attacked smaller and younger Edaphosaurus to avoid injury. Whenever they hunted animals, such as Edaphosaurus, Dimetrodon first started off with mock charges, tactics to disperse the group and expose the vulnerable youngsters.

When female Dimetrodon were pregnant, their kills were crucial. Before they could lay their eggs, they needed to eat enough food that lasted them for the next long seven months of their eggs incubation. And to increase their babies chances of survival, the females evolved a basic form of parental care: guarding their eggs. Once the eggs hatched, the females duty of guarding their eggs would be done and their goal achieve, but however, her maternal bond with them would be severed. Unlike their mammalian descendants, female Dimetrodon would not and never nurtured their young. After they hatched, the females first and only instinct was to save themselves by searching for food.

Male Dimetrodon are also highly aggressive. When it came to them, females knew better than to defend their kill. While lions today consume 70% of a carcass, Dimetrodon ate 90. By the time a group of Dimetrodon was finished with their meal, there would be nothing but the bones left of their carcass. But they'd only eat intestines after shaking out the waste inside. Dung is one thing a Dimtetrodon couldn't stomach.

Additionally, adult Dimetrodon were cannibals, even going as far as to eat baby or even hatchling Dimetrodon, even if the adult Dimetrodon was the hatchlings mother. They would weed out weaker babies straight away, which helped the strong ones and her species as a whole survive. Whenever hatchling Dimetrodon hatched from their eggs, they would have to be ready to go it along without their mothers protection. They came out of the nest and made mad dashes for the safety of the trees. Whilst some were caught by adults, not all babies were helpless. Some already knew instinctively how to defend themselves. They rolled in dung, something adults can't stand, repelling their pressures long enough to get as head start.

In my JournalsEdit

The apex predators of the Permian age and another type of sail-back, mammal-like reptiles, Dimetrodon were at the top of the food chain in their bay. Just as large as Edaphosaurus, these carnivores were the Edaphosaurs' greatest enemy. In addition to their sheer size, strength, speed, and overall power, they also evolved specialized, meat-eating teeth; incisors shear off flesh whereas their serrated canines cut an slice. But the time a Dimetrodon is finished with their babies, there would be nothing left but bones.

While Male Dimetrodon were highly aggressive, the females were more solitary and they also evolved a for of care for their young, guarding them even from other females. It appears that when they make a kill, they need enough to last them for long seven months before their eggs are born. The moment the Hatchlings are born, the females appear to not care fore their young anymore and abandon them. It seems that the female Dimetrodon don't nurture their young and would even go as far as to eat them, hinting a form of cannibalism between these creatures.

GalleryEdit